Ticks become active once the weather warms to 4 degrees Celsius. Your dog is at risk in almost any outdoor location - inspect your dog's coat after every outing for ticks or hard bumps and remove ticks immediately as per instructions at
www.dogsandticks.com. Call Dr. Mehi at 905-830-8406 to inquire about vaccination and other options for your dog's best protection, and for testing.
Common signs of infection
When deer ticks or black-legged ticks bite, the bacteria they carry causes infection. Lyme disease symptoms are lameness, fever, swollen joints, kidney failure, anorexia, runny noses or eyes, and the pet not being "himself/herself". Symptoms of anaplasmosis (which surpasses Lyme Disease in parts of North America), are lack of energy, high fever, swollen and painful joints, loss of appetite, runny nose or eyes, vomiting and diarrhea.
If left untreated, Lyme Disease leads to damaged joints and can be fatal (rare). Anaplasmosis results in very low numbers of platelets and white blood cells, chronic joint pain, and neurological signs (rare).
Diagnosis, Treatment and Prognosis
A simple blood test can detect infection. Other tests may be required depending on initial findings and clinical signs. Treatment is by antibiotics. If caught and treated early, the outcome is usually very good for full recovery.
Canine Flu risk in Ontario
Since January 2018, three clusters of dogs infected with H3N2 canine influenza virus (CIV)
have been identified in Essex County (2) and in the Simcoe-Muskoka area. These are the first known
occurrences of H3N2 canine influenza in Canada.
Canine influenza virus, is highly transmissible between dogs. CIV is more likely to cause severe disease or death in very young and old dogs, as well as brachycephalic breeds (short nose, flat face) and dogs with underlying respiratory or cardiac disease.
CIV virus symptoms are similar to those of “kennel cough”: coughing,
lethargy, poor appetite. Infected dogs can shed the virus shortly before onset of clinical signs. Dogs in contact with other dogs at kennels, off-leash parks, classes or competitions are more likely to be exposed. It is recommended that dogs with suspected or confirmed canine influenza be kept away from other dogs for four weeks. H3N2 CIV can infect cats, but the incidence appears to be low. Ferrets are susceptible to H3N2 CIV.
March 2, 2018.
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